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|Classification of Land Utilisation | Distribution of Vested Land | Foodgrain | Oil Seed | Fibre | Miscellanceous Crop | Irrigation| Minor Irrigation|

Barddhaman is the only district in the state of West Bengal that is fortunate both in industry and agriculture. On an average about 58 percent of the total population belongs to the agricultural population while the non agricultural sector accounts for the remaining 42 percent.

The eastern, northern, southern and central areas of the district are extensively cultivated but the soil of the western portion being of extreme lateritic type is unfit for cultivation except in the narrow valleys and depressions having rich soil and good moisture. The cultivation in the district has improved since 1953 with the implementation of the irrigation projects undertaken by the Damodar Valley Corporation. Up to 1953 the cultivation was entirely dependent on the monsoon, and irrigation facilities were rather inadequate and more or less primitive. The position has since been changed and an all-round agricultural development has become possible. Though agriculture is largely regulated by rainfall as in the other districts of the state, the developing irrigation system has been very helpful in minimizing the effects of the vagaries of nature.

Rice is the most important crop of the district and in the alluvial plains to the east little else is grown. The rice grown with its numerous varieties can broadly grouped under the three primary classes distinguished from one another by distinct characteristics and there are : The Aus or autumn, the Aman or winter and the Boro or the summer rice. Paddy covers maximum of the gross cropped area. Among commercial crops Jute, Mesta and Sugarcane, potato, oil seeds are cultivated in marginal area

Classification of Land Utilisation Statistices ( '000 hectares)
Reporting Area Forest Area Area under Non-agri. use Barren and unculturable Land Premanent pastures and other grazing land
698.74 22.27 182.62 2.38 0.62
Land under Misc. tree groves not included in Net Area shown Culturable Waste Land Current fallow Fallow land other than current fallow Net cropped area
3.01 9.84 8.04 3.33 466.63

Distribution of Vested Agricultural Land (As on 30/9/2003)
Area of land distributed (in hectare) Number of beneficiaries
Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes Other Total
24681 86239 42390 78453 207082

Foodgrains
Sl. No. Crops

Area under Principal
Crops (Thousand hectares)

Production
Total Crops (Thousand tonnes) kilogram per hectare
1. Rice 655.5 2008.1 3063
- - i)   Aus 18.4 51.8 2811
ii)  Aman 421.6 1257.1 2981
iii) Boro 215.5 699.2 3245
2. Wheat 5.2 12.7 2447
3. Barley - - -
4. Maize 0.2 0.4 1851
5. Other Cereals 0.1 <50 tonnes 1189
Total Cereals 661.0 2021.2 3058
6. Gram 1.0 0.6 657
7. Tur 0.2 0.2 1015
8. Other Pulses 2.1 1.6 762
Total Pulses 3.3 2.4 730
Total foodgrins 664.3 2023.6 3046

Oil Seeds
Sl. No. Crops Area under Principal
Crops (Thousand hectares)
Production
Total Crops (Thousand tonnes) kilogram per hectare
1. Rape & Mustard 46.4 41.9 901
2. Linseeds <50 hect. <50 tonnes 321
3. Other Oil seeds 13.5 13.5 1000
Total Oil seeds 59.9 55.4 926

Fibre
Sl. No. Crops Area under Principal
Crops (Thousand hectares)
Production
Total Crops (Thousand tonnes) kilogram per hectare
1. Jute 11.8 215.1 18.3
2. Mesta <50 hect. 0.1 14.6
3. Other fibre 0.1 0.7 6.8
Total fibre 11.9 215.9 18.1

Miscellaneous Crop
Sl. No. Crops Area under Principal
Crops (Thousand hectares)
Production
Total Crops (Thousand tonnes) kilogram per hectare
1. Sugarcane 0.7 48.6 68585
2. Potato 45.5 1235.0 27135
3. Tobacco - - -
4. Tea - - -
5. Chillies (dry) 2.5 3.3 1329
6. Ginger 0.1 0.3 1778
Total Miscellaneous Crops 48.8 1287.2 26377

Irrigation

Source of Irrigation 

Source of irrigation Area (in thousand hectares)
Government Canals 300.94
Tanks -
Wells 20.03
Other Sources 14.92
Total 335.89

Minor Irrigation

Source of Minor Irrigation 

Source of minor irrigation (in No.)
Deep Tubewell 923 (447 HDTW+32 MDTW+444 LDTW)
River lift irrigation 282
Shallow Tubewell 408 (not functioning)

Fertilizer Consumed ('000 Tonnes)
Nitrogen Phosphate Potash Total
65.9 31.1 22.6 119.6



Source : District Statistical Officer, Burdwan.

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